Category Archives: Materials
Unlike the interior of a house, it is sometimes difficult to know when the shingles and structures on top need work. A big water spot on an interior ceiling is the incident that often leads to a call for a roofing contractor to come out and assess the damage. Your home is an investment that requires constant maintenance to protect its value. Maintaining a home means keeping it clean, making repairs when needed, and giving the structure periodic “facelifts” by painting and updating components such as windows and doors. A home will show signs of wear and tear that will let you know when it is time for some upgrades. When walls get dirty, you might decide to paint the interior with a new and updated color. Likewise, if your carpet is old and out of style, you may choose an easy-care carpet in a color that complements your new paint. These are not just aesthetic improvements-they may add value to your home, especially if you are considering putting it on the market soon. There is, however, one part of a house you may accidentally overlook when it comes to maintenance and repair. That part is the roof.
Instead of waiting for a major problem, it is a better idea to work with a roofing contractor before you notice water leaks or other signs of damage. By performing an annual inspection, the contractor can identify issues and repair them immediately, which can help you avoid costly damage to your attic and ceilings. You might think that you can inspect your own roofing maintenance needs, but if you do not have experience in this area, you would be wise to leave the inspection to a professional. First, you could injure yourself by falling from the top of the house. Second, you may not be aware of all of the issues that you need to look for to make a sound assessment of the structure.
A qualified roofing contractor will know what to look for when evaluating your home’s roof. He or she will inspect with a keen eye, finding problems like damaged shingles, small holes that might allow water to leak into the attic, and flashing that is loose or missing. Additional problems that the inspection might uncover include evidence that bats or squirrels have entered an attic, problems in and around chimneys or smoke stacks, sagging areas, and damaged gutters.
Some facilities have purchased new equipment that is designed specifically for the task of cleaning restrooms, while others have purchased absorbent mats that are placed under toilets and urinals. Still others have installed odor-control products in each restroom, all in the hopes of preventing or masking odors.
Restroom odors can create major problems for housekeeping managers. Many institutional and commercial facilities carry out the basic tasks required to control odors, including performing daily cleaning.
But even with these methods, many restrooms have a distinct odor. And if a restroom smells bad, visitors and occupants alike will be perceive it as dirty. Successfully combatting restroom odor requires that managers understand the source of the odor and specify products to address it.
Conditions and Causes
Understanding the conditions that cause restroom odors will help managers devise a strategy to successfully remove them and prevent their return. Primarily, there must both be humidity and warm temperatures. The warmer the temperature and higher the humidity, the greater the likelihood that a restroom will have odors.
Since managers generally cannot control these conditions in restrooms, they must try to control the source of the odor, as well as mask and counteract the odor, if needed.
For the majority of restrooms, urine is the source of odor. This odor is actually caused by bacteria that have grown by using urine as a food source. As the bacteria grows, so does the odor.
How does bacteria grow? Warm, acidic urine makes a good food source for bacteria. The urine changes from an acid to an alkaline, and the alkaline salt attracts more moisture, which allows the bacterial growth process to renew. This process will continue and cause a stronger odor until the bacteria is destroyed.
Another potential source of odors that managers often overlook is the floor drain. If the trap in the floor drains dries out, it will emit sewer gas.
To prevent this from occurring, cleaning crews once a month should pour a cup of water down the drain to keep the trap full and stop the gas from escaping. Some managers also add enzymes to the trap.
Pouring a capful of vegetable oil down the trap also will help seal in the gas and stop the water from drying out and causing odors. But most often, pouring plain water down the drain regularly will prevent floor drains from contributing to restroom odors.
Removing an odor means neutralizing urine salts. Then, crews can eliminate food source and counteract the odor.
Cleaners can use an acid neutralizer to break down alkaline salts. The neutralizer either can be mopped or sprayed on the affected area. After rinsing this area, cleaners can apply a disinfectant to destroy the bacteria. To ensure success, cleaners should allow the disinfectant to sit on the affected area for at least 10 minutes.
Cleaning crews should disinfect restrooms daily using an acid neutralizer to remove urine from floors. Grout, including floor and wall grout, is a perfect place for the bacteria to grow, so cleaning crews should pay close attention to these areas.
Managers also can specify the daily use of an enzyme-based product to destroy bacteria. Enzymes digests the bacteria’s food source, as well as the bacteria itself, causing the bacteria to die. Enzyme products can contain various types of enzymes:
- amylase, which converts starch to sugar
- cellulase, which digests bacteria
- protease, which digests protein.
Products that combine these enzymes tend to be the most effective treatment for restroom odors.
While using enzymes will help in destroying the bacteria and reducing the odor, this process might take several days to destroy all of the bacteria.
Managers should be aware of one caveat that goes along with this tactic:Cleaning crews should not use enzymes in conjunction with disinfectants because disinfectants can destroy the enzymes before they are able to digest the bacteria.
Managers also might want to instruct cleaners to apply a deodorant to these areas, which will serve to mask the odors until the bacteria is eliminated.
Once all the bacteria are destroyed and digested, the odor should dissipate. Thereafter, regular use of the enzymes should keep the bacteria away and prevent odor from returning.
In restrooms where poor airflow is a problem — generally, most restrooms — a deodorizer can help. Choosing the right type of deodorizer, as well as the method of deodorizing, is an important part in addressing restroom odors.
Cleaning crews can apply deodorizers by mopping the floor or by spraying them into the air. Some deodorizers are timed-release sprays, others come in the form of blocks that are placed in toilets or urinals, and still others are enzymes and deodorizers that are applied with each flush.
Managers have several classes of deodorants from which to choose. Some mask the odor, and others eliminate the odor. Some absorb humidity and filter the air, and many add a fragrance to the air.
Deodorizers can be gels, solids or oils that are made with strong fragrances to cover unpleasant odors.
Many deodorizers are made from glycol, which makes the odor molecule heavier than the surrounding air, causing them to fall to the ground, where they are later removed by cleaning. A counteractant is a type of pairing agent. This chemical combines with the odor’s molecules to change its make-up and form a new, non-odorous molecule.
So to deodorize any odor, the key is to eliminate the source of the odor, then clean the contaminated area. The last step is to actually deodorize the area.
For urine, simply spraying the area is sufficient. Having a deodorizer in the mop water will enable it to penetrate that area, eliminating the odor. Mopping the floor daily with a disinfectant cleaner will also destroy the odor-causing bacteria, reducing odors.
- Daily cleaning using the proper chemicals is the best way to prevent odors.
- Using new equipment like the no-touch cleaning systems, along with disinfectant or enzymes, also will help reduce bacteria. The no-touch system will clean grout and not leave any residue on the floor, as mopping would.
- A dirty mop and mop water often contributes to the the formation of odors.
- Mopping a grouted floor can leave dirt and bacteria in the grout, helping bacteria to grow.
- The use of the absorbent mats under commodes and urinals will help stop urine from contacting the floor and the mats can be changed frequently so that no odors occur.
For the restrooms that have a continuous problem with odors, managers might have to schedule intensive cleaning of grout, walls and ceilings using a neutralizer, followed by disinfectants, enzymes and a combination of odor-control devices.
Finding the right odor-control strategy can be time-consuming and challenging. A combination of different systems might be required in some cases. In general, however, daily cleaning with a disinfectant, combined an odor counteractant, will do the job.
Source : http://www.facilitiesnet.com
Basement flooring installation is an important part of basement remodeling. There are various number things one should bear in mind before you purchase for supplies. First of all you need to determine the type of basement flooring suits your needs. If you intend to remodel the whole basement, you need to take into account the type of flooring which has high quality and will last for longer to a number of years and maintain the attractive look.
If you intend to replace damaged flooring of the basement and not for anything other than storage space, you need to invest in the quality of materials. Functional supplies are sufficient as long as it can withstand wear and tear. You will be at a position of choosing Best flooring for basemen that suits your needs if you know what to make out of your basement in the long run.
The basement flooring is of many types in the market that makes the selection quite difficult. If you stand by your decision of remodeling your basement to something habitable, the next move is checking the basement for any damage. Any leaks pr drafts have an impact on the basement floor endurance. It is important to solve all the problems of the basement whether using it for storage or not. This approach can prevent damage to your floor in future. When the basement is flooded, a new layer of concrete can be damaged. Therefore, you need to take steps to prevent this type of damage to occur in future.
Hardwood, synthetic, carpeting materials and tiles are some of the types of basement floors you install for your basement renovation. Before installation the natural hardwood, it needs to be examined as water damage waterproof. The basement should be the first place of a house prone to leaks and other drip related issues. This is the reason as to why synthetic wood is usually suggested as an option because it is more damage resistance. On the other hand, Linoleum tiles need to be avoided for basement covering as likely to the damaged or warp by moisture that result to expensive subsequent repairs.
Materials can be installed for to basement floor once you have determined the type you want. You can do the installation process by yourself which happens in most cases. Ensure that you install the flooring as required and take your time. Laying wood or tile is a hard process that needs enough patience and time. If you do the job carefully, ensure the flooring of the basement lasts for years and you are going to love it.
For many years ago, basement were considered to be little more than storage rooms, largely unfinished concrete walls and floors, areas where old clothes tools, toys, boxes of stuffs and anything else which is not wanted could be stored. Best flooring for basement was never thought about, had no time to spend there. Most of the basement flooring was made of the original concrete slab.